Glossary of Terms Related to Phenomena
by Tom Butler
Updated October 2014
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Materialization: In metaphysics, materialization is generally the appearance of any formation of physical material, apparently out of thin air. It is considered one of the phenomena of physical mediumship, and the objects are traditionally thought to originate first as ectoplasm which then takes the shape of the materialized object. Such objects usually retain their physical shape for a short period of time. There might be many different objects and/or discarnate people materialized during a physical séance but afterwards, there will be no remaining evidence that they were present.
Materialization might be in the form of precipitation,, in which physical material acts as the raw stuff acted on by intention to produce an image or object. In this case, the object may be relatively permanent. Lore has it that such precipitated forms sometimes require a period of time; say twenty-four hours, to stabilize before becoming permanent.
An object might be apported to the present location, in which case, it would presumably have existed elsewhere in the physical, but then dematerialized, moved in some way in the etheric and then materialized in the present location. An apported object is thought to be a permanent form.
In the Implicit Cosmology, ectoplasm is considered just another form of materialization, and the focus is on expression of the Creative Process and iintended order. In the cosmology, all objects of reality are modeled as ideoplastic structures.
Matrixing: This is a term that has apparently been coined by one of the ghost hunting TV programs. It is used instead of the more commonly accepted term, pareidolia, to indicate that a person is mistaking an ordinary object or stimulus as paranormal because the person is not seeing it as it really is. In the interest of maintaining communication with people outside of the hauntings investigation community, pareidolia is the recommended term. See Pareidolia
Matter Through Matter: This phenomenon has been produced on many occasions with a variety of items being removed or introduced into sealed jars and locked containers. Clothing that has been stitched on has been removed from mediums. Rings of wood, leather, iron and other matter have been linked together. Items have been reported passing through tables and in and out of closed séance rooms. See: apport
Medium: A person who is able to sense etheric personalities and convey information from them to people in the physical. The task of a medium is to be as clear and open a channel as possible to avoid coloring the message. This is usually accomplished by the medium entering into trance. Inspirational speaking, for instance, is usually accomplished while the person is in a light trance. A medium giving a spirit greeting in a Spiritualist church service and a mental medium giving a full reading is also usually in a light trance. A physical medium producing materialization phenomena is thought to be in a more or less complete or deep trance in which the medium’s personality has stepped aside so that the personality of the communicating personality may directly communicate using the medium’s physical body. See the Mediumship essay.
Mediumship: Functioning as a medium. Mediumship may be in the form of a conscious person relaying information or enabling the relay of information as is seen with mental mediumship and inspired action such as art, design, writing and speaking. It may be in the form of deep trance mediumship in which the personality of the person is thought to step aside so that an etheric communicator may use the body. It may also be in the form of the mediumship of the recorder (or other device) in which the person is generally unaware of the mediumistic act.
There is growing evidence that people may be functional mediums, meaning that they might be in a disassociated mental state (trance), but appear completely normal and able to function, say at work or when performing routine tasks. In this concept, for at least some mental tasks, the person has learned to automatically access information that would normally only be available via a deep and usually debilitating trance. See the Mediumship essay.
Metaphysics: In philosophy, the examination of the nature of reality, including the relationship between personality and the greater reality. Models used to describe a set of metaphysical concepts are referred to as a cosmology. In Etheric Studies, metaphysics is the study of an ordered set of concepts which are described in a cosmology.
Mind: The Implicit Cosmology is a model that has been developed around functional areas of a person as a nonphysical personality entangled with a human being in an avatar relationship. In this context, mind is the collection of functional areas described in the Life Field Complex diagram above.
The term, consciousness is used as a continuum from fully consciousness awareness to unconscious so that conscious self represents the physical point of view of a personality that is entangled with a human in an avatar relationship.
The mental processes associated with perception are modeled in the Basic Functional Areas of Perception diagram. In that, the rules of perception are thought to agree with the proposed corollaries in First Sight Theory.
A person in light trance might be fully aware but a person in deep trance would be unconscious. Trance-like states presumably allow the person greater awareness along the continuum between conscious and unconscious. In deep trance, it is presumed that the person is allowing another personality access to the body for the purpose of communication. A sleeping person is considered unconscious; however, if the person has achieved some degree of lucidity, he or she may have greater access to normally unconscious processes.
Mind Tensor: In the context of etheric space, the term is used to signify how a life-field navigates amongst etheric fields. An analog for this is discussed in the Cosmology of Imaginary Space essay. The Perceptual Loop is thought to be incapable of processing information that is very different that which is in worldview. This is the foundation of the Principle of Perceptual Agreement.
This term is probably not in the science literature. According to the Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary. (2010), a tensor is a mathematical entity with components that change in a particular way in a transformation from one coordinate system to another. Tensors are becoming an important tool in the study of large-scale quantum fields.
Modes of Transcommunication: There are two fundamental forms of transcommunication. A person can initiate communication across the veil via an expression of intention (focus on or instrumentally as in EVP. This form of transcommunication is considered induced. When communication is induced via the expression of intention and without the use of devices, it is considered direct. When instruments are used such as for EVP, the communication is considered to be instrumental.
For most people, communication across the veil is spontaneous, in that the etheric communicator might approach the person or there might be contact with a thoughtform as a result of an environmental influence that stimulates the creative process. Spontaneous transcommunication can be either direct as in mental impressions or instrumental as in unexpected voices in recording media.
Morphic Field: (From Sheldrake) A field within and around a morphic unit which organizes its characteristic structure and pattern of activity. Morphic fields underlie the form and behavior of holons or morphic units at all levels of complexity. The term morphic field includes morphogenetic, behavioral, social, cultural, and mental fields. Morphic fields are shaped and stabilized by morphic resonance from previous similar morphic units, which were under the influence of fields of the same kind. They consequently contain a kind of cumulative memory and tend to become increasingly habitual. See the Etheric Fields essay and Rupert Sheldrake.
Morphic Resonance: (From Sheldrake) The influence of previous structures of activity on subsequent similar structures of activity organized by morphic fields. Through morphic resonance, formative causal influences pass through or across both space and time, and these influences are assumed not to fall off with distance in space or time, but they come only from the past. The greater the degree of similarity, the greater is the influence of morphic resonance. In general, morphic units closely resemble themselves in the past and are subject to self-resonance from their own past states. See the Etheric Fields essay and Rupert Sheldrake.
Natural Law: Natural Law is defined as an “ascertained working sequence or constant order among the phenomena of nature.”(NSAC Spiritualism) In concept, Natural Laws include all of the principles governing the operation of reality. They are thought to be everywhere the same. Understanding the principles of Natural Law permits the person to live in accordance with the operation of reality, which is thought to be the objective of living. The degree to which a person understands and is able to live in accordance with the principles is a measure of the person’s progression which is the degree to which a person understands the true nature of reality.
There is little agreement about the principles of Natural Law. For instance, from a metaphysical view, organizing principles are described in fundamental concepts such as differentiation and perceptual agreement. In sociological views, the Golden Rule (do unto others…) and like attracts like are usually included in lists of Natural Law. There is also considerable confusion about the scale or context to which principles apply. So to be specific, in Etheric Studies, organizing principles are described in terms of fundamental concepts within the context of Reality, Formation and Personality.
Some principles such as differentiation, life Field and agreement appear to be universal. However, it is important to note that the Implicit Cosmology assumes Source is learning about itself via aspect personalities. As such, Source’s nature is expected to evolve as understanding is gained, meaning that the organizing principles also evolve. This is also a fundamental concept of the Hypothesis of Formative Causation.
New Ager: The idea of a new age begins with the idea that, in terms of astrology, we are entering into the utopian age of Aquarius. There is no single organization that can be identified as The New Age Movement. It has become a worldwide community identified by a common viewpoint. New Agers are commonly interested in developing personal, human potential, understanding nature and living as a good citizen of the universe. Beliefs include a universal god of which everyone and everything is part, personal responsibility, respect for the life in all things and the connectedness of all things. Being seen as a New Ager is perhaps a badge of honor because it signifies a personal desire to be the best citizen possible in Mother Nature’s creation. A person who is seen as a New Ager is not necessarily a person who believes in transcommunication, survival of personality or a greater reality.
It should be noted that many concepts associated with the New Age community, which tend to be subjective, are avoided by some people studying survival of personality. This is primarily true if the study of survival is based on an objective approach.
Nonlocal: ubiquitous or everywhere at once. It may be correct to say that “everywhere is here.” This is a physical space perspective. In the etheric, movement is accomplished by changing one's mind. See the nonlocal in the Transcommunication essay. Also see nontemporal
However you think of it, the idea is that there is one reality but that this reality has aspects. Our physical universe is one aspect of reality. Here, we are referring to the greater reality beyond our physical universe as the etheric or etheric space.
Nontemporal: The concept that every time is now. This is a term that makes most sense from the physical perspective because it seems that some phenomena indicate time independence. It is arguable that, in the physical, processes take time.
There is some indication that presentiment, the physiological reaction to an event before it actually occurs, is best explained with First Sight Theory. Presentiment is a short-term phenomenon while most reports of precognition indicate a long-term effect. In that, the concept of emerging thoughtforms representing potential futures might better explain the effect.
A second factor is the concept of potential. Rather than precognition as sensing the future, there is better support for the idea of sensing the potential of a particular future. As such, a nontemporal characteristic of etheric space is probably incorrect.
Object of Reality: In the trans-survival hypothesis, reality exists in two forms: life fields which are morphic fields for physical organisms, and expressions of life which are ideoplastic structures. Expressions are described in terms of thoughtforms that have been given substance in the Creative Process, where substance only has meaning in the venue in which it is imagined.
Objective Phenomena: Phenomena that have external reality and that can be perceived and observed by others. In contrast to subjective phenomena, objective phenomena are considered the physical manifestation of a subjective influence (conceptual) via a trans-etheric influence.
Ouija Board: A board with letters of the alphabet. A pointer is placed under the medium’s hand and on the board. Presumably under the control of discarnate entities, messages are spelled out. See: Planchette
Outlier: In statistics, an outlier is a data point that falls very far outside of the norm. The logic is that an outlier may be due to faulty measurement or some otherwise unidentified experimental error. Alternatively, one extreme measurement might give a false impression of what is average. As a general rule, outliers are discarded to avoid inappropriately biasing a dataset. It is noteworthy that a Class A EVP is, by definition, an outlier.
Paranormal: In the context of Etheric Studies, psi and survival related phenomena; etheric which implies the nonphysical aspect of reality. Paranormal is a good term for conversation that people understands; however, be mindful that some experiences which may not be explained by currently understood principles of nature are nevertheless mundane, physical phenomena.
Such subjects as reincarnation, out-of-body experiences and near-death experiences are not purposefully exclude. It is just that those communities of interest are very insular and have little bearing on this study except as possible items of evidence. As such, there is little reference to them here. The same is true of the many people who experience spontaneous After Death Communication (ADC).
Phenomena thought to be physical but not ordinary, such as UFOs, cryptozoological creatures and parallel realities would likely be considered paranormal, but they are not usually included in Etheric Studies, unless a psi field explanation is involved.
Paranormalist: This term has become useful for identifying people who are more than a little interested in or who are studying or practicing some technique related to the paranormal. Examples of paranormalist interests include the study of psi phenomena (telepathy, remote viewing, telekinesis), energy healing (biofield healing, distant healing, healing prayer), hauntings investigation, transcommunication (mediumship, Instrumental TransCommunication, channeling) and survival (the etheric, personality, cosmology).
Paranormal Community: The paranormal community includes anyone involved in the study of personality as it relates to soul, survival of personality and the greater reality. This includes parapsychologists, citizen scientists involved in these subjects, practitioners employing transcommunication techniques, members of ghost hunting clubs and hauntings investigators. People studying human experiences such as near-death and out-of-body experiences can be considered part of this community; however, these people are not necessarily considering nonphysical explanations.
Parapsychologist: Specifically a person who is academically trained in the subject of parapsychology. It is common for academically trained people to cross over from a different specialty, usually psychology, to conduct parapsychological studies. However, crossover scientists should be considered citizen scientists, depending on the extent to which they inform themselves in the subject. It may be appropriate to refer to them as parapsychologists if they have applicable training.
Parapsychology: A frontier subject; a field of study about the evidence for psi phenomena, such as telepathy, clairvoyance and psychokinesis, which are not explained by mainstream science. These phenomena are forms of human potential described as psi functioning. These phenomena are forms of human potential described as psi functioning. In the Implicit Cosmology, the study of trans-etheric phenomena is referred to as Etheric Studies, while it can be said that parapsychology is Psi Studies. See the What is Etheric Studies essay.
Pareidolia: A form of apophenia (seeing patterns where there are none) in which the person finds meaning in images and sounds when there is none. Both of these terms are used to describe a very real human tendency. An example might be the deer hunter who mistakes tree limbs for antlers. See: Gestalt
Peer: Frontier subjects seldom have a large community of academically trained authorities in the field. In many cases, it is practitioners who have come to the subject from another field who may be the only qualified people. Yet, mainstream culture demands that an academically trained person, even if the qualifications are in an unrelated field, should be given authority over the possibly more qualified practitioners who may not hold a degree. Of course, this is an untenable approach to understanding the field of study, so in order to distinguish between different kinds of experience and expertise in etheric studies, a peer is identified as either an academic peer (trained in an accredited educational institution) or a practical peer (may be academically trained outside of the field but in any case, is self-trained in the field).
Peer Review: The examination of a research report by others who are experts in the same field. There are no or very few people working in etheric studies who are academically trained in a related subject. Consequently, review of articles for reasonableness of hypothesis, protocol and conclusions is necessarily accomplished with probably not academically trained subject matter specialists. Because of this necessary departure from academic standards, the process of judging articles is better described as vetting rather than peer review. From Dictionary.com: ''to appraise, verify or check for accuracy, authenticity, validity, etc.: An expert vetted the manuscript before publication.'' See Vetted
Perception: Based on First Sight Theory, perception is the result of the decision made in the Perceptual Loop as illustrated in the Basic Functional Areas of Perception diagram above. If the Agree? decision produces a Yes, the person will experience (perceive) the stimulus, probably more or less as it is. If the decision is Maybe, the person more likely experiences a version of what is intended based on worldview.
Perceptual Agreement: This is an often-used term in the Implicit Cosmology. The Principle of Perceptual Agreement holds that Personality must be in perceptual agreement with the aspect of reality with which it will associate. The objective of progression toward greater understanding is to bring worldview (personal reality) into agreement with nature as it is and not as the person is taught.
As shown in the Basic Functional Areas of Perception diagram above, perception is a function of external information filtered by worldview. Note that the two lines connecting Worldview and Visualization are labeled Belief and Understanding. Progression toward fulfillment of an inherited urge to understand the nature of reality is a function of the degree of understanding gained through experience. However, the dominant influence for what the average person becomes aware of (perception) is belief.
Movement in etheric space is directed by intention, but limited by what a personality is able to visualize. This, in turn is limited by perception and the Perceptual Loop. Therefore, the ability to associate with any aspect of reality is seen to be limited by perception.
A historical note: This concept began as Energetic Agreement, intending energetic to mean a complex of understanding and knowing. This complex was visualized as producing a unique character of etheric energy. However, further study showed that the concept of energy is specific to the physical aspect of reality. In the etheric, potential is produced by the creative process and measured by intention. See the Creative Process and Perceptual Agreement essays.
Personality: Personality is defined here as the etheric essence of a person. From the perspective that a person is a physical body that has evolved in the physical and mind which has evolved in the etheric, personality is that part of a person that has evolved in the etheric. Personality existed before this lifetime and will continue after this lifetime. It can be thought of as an etheric field containing the essence of who the person is including a measure of the person's understanding which is realized as Progression and an inherited urge to acquire understanding by way of experience.
Personality has a point of view; however, that might be from the perspective of an avatar. Based on the Comparing Mind-Body Models essay, the physical body in this lifetime enables personality to experience this physical venue for learning. It is thought that personality always maintains a point of view and that it shares the point of view of its avatar while the body is alert. While personality is believed to maintain a personal point of view as "I am this," it is also thought to be associated with a larger community of personalities as a cooperating group or collective.
A personality is a life field and Source is seen as the top personality. Since a fundamental characteristic of a life fields is the Creative Process, just as Source is a creator personality so all other personalities (life fields) are creator personalities.
The illustration here represents the relationship between personality in the etheric (the star) and the physical body. The bright spot represents the point of view which is associated with the personality but is also associated with the physical body during a lifetime. This is the avatar model. See the essay on Personality
Phenomena: In the context of Etheric Studies, any manifestation of intention into physical form; a trans-etheric influence. Examples include: mediumship, clairvoyance, biofield healing, ITC and psychokinesis.
Planchette: A small table-like device that can be easily moved over a surface containing letters, words or other information. In application, one or more participants lightly place fingers on the device. It is thought to move under the control of an etheric personality. A planchette might also have a pencil attached so as to mark a paper when it is moved.
Point of view: Used to describe the perspective or viewpoint in literature and art. In terms of living a life, people also have a point of view, and just as the author intends the reader to come away with a specific perspective of the story, so does a person’s point of view direct us toward understanding a specific perspective of experiences. See the Point of View essay.
Potential Field: Events are accompanied by a probability signature referred to here as a potential field. In this concept, an event might exist in the etheric as a potential to occur. Each potential field represents the possible characteristics of an event, so that an event that has occurred may have been preceded by many potential fields representing different or optional potential outcomes.
Practitioner: In Etheric Studies, a person conducting a recording session for EVP or ITC; a person who applies principles intended to cause phenomena; may be instrumental or it may be direct as in mental mediumship. See: Modes of Transcommunication
Precipitation: By definition, a precipitate is something that condenses out of a solution and falls as a deposit. Rain or snow is one example. A precipitation medium is one who is able to work with etheric helpers to produce physical objects, via precipitation. A good example of this is the Reverend Hoyt Z. Robinette as described in the article, Sitting with Hoyt Robinette. Currently available evidence indicates that the precipitate originates in the physical and is in effect, dematerialized, transported via the etheric and rematerialized according to the intended order expressed by the medium (may be under the direction of communicating entities). In effect, this is the same process thought to be involved with apportation of object, except that the precipitate becomes objective in a new form. See: Materialization
Presentiment: The sense that something is about to happen. In parapsychology, studies indicate that a person will unconsciously react to a stimulus just before it is delivered. When the response is in reference to an event that occurs in the near future (seconds, minutes), it is referred to as presentiment, however, if the event is relatively more in the future (hours, years)), this is usually referred to as precognition.
There is growing understanding that every event has a psi signature, and that the body unconsciously senses this signature. Research now suggests that this signature may also relate to a growing potential for the event to occur. Presentiment and precognition seem to support the concept of a nontemporal nature of reality, meaning that all time is now. However, sensing that something is about to happen may be sensing the potential of for the event to occur, rather than clairvoyantly seeing into the future to experience the event. There seems to be more support for the idea that time is not nontemporal.
Prime Imperative: This is a rather flamboyant way of saying that the one purpose everyone seems to share is to gain understanding from experience. This concept is fundamental to the Implicit Cosmology. That is, Source exists and reality is an expression of Source. Curious to understand the nature of its own expression (implications, the so what), it is speculated that Source expressed aspects of itself to explore reality and eventually return understanding of its nature. As aspects of Source, we share this curiosity and the urge to understand ... everything. In effect, this understanding gained during a lifetime is our payload as we transition out of this lifetime and become more in agreement with Source (progression).
Process: A process is an ordered sequence of events. In metaphysics, creation through process is an important alternative to the idea that a fully mature reality might spring into existence. The Creative Process is described as attention on the expression of an imagined outcome with the intention of making it so.
Progression: Based on the Trans-survival Hypothesis, Source has the characteristics of curiosity and intention. In the same way that a person creates personal reality, Source is hypothesized to have created aspects of itself to understand its nature. As it is speculated for a personality, the new aspect of reality (sub-reality) resulting from this initial aspectation would be a subset of what Source believes reality to be (Personal reality).
As shown in the diagram for Progression at the right, the initial expression is thought to have produced a relatively naive and uncomplicated version of Source's actual nature. Like Source, personalities resulting from the aspectation would be relatively immature in their understanding of reality; however, subsequent aspectations would be based on increasingly correct understanding of the nature of reality (the actual nature of Source).
The presumed objective of progression is returning to Source an understanding of its true nature. As such, the characteristic of Perceptual Agreement would be understanding. Personality's process of achieving this understanding is progression resulting in perceptual understanding that would agree with Source--not in content, which would be new to Source, but agreement in a sense of knowing that understanding is, indeed, in accordance with the actual nature of Source.
Pseudoscience: A derogatory term coined by skeptics to label subjects with which they disagree. This disagreement is seldom based on known instances of bad science, but rather because, in the Skeptical view, the subject is not supported by orthodox science. This term is virtually always used in conjunction with efforts to convince an audience to dislike, mistrust or even fear the subject. See: Frontier Subject.
Pseudoskeptic: Pseudoskeptics or false skeptic is a term that refers to people who reject ideas without examination if they do not seem to be supported by mainstream science. Since pseudoskeptics proudly refer to themselves as skeptics and it is under that title that they are found on the Internet, the ATransC refers to them as skeptics. See: Skeptic
Psi: Term coined by J. B. Rhine to represent the unknown force involved in Extrasensory Perception and psychokinesis. It is popularly used today to mean psychic. Psi represents processes and elements in nature or in the human personality, which appear to transcend the accepted limiting principles of science.
Psi Field: Etheric field are described in parapsychology as a psi field. While physical energy is local and time dependent, as defined in parapsychology, the psi field is experienced as being everywhere at the same time. The term, psi, is often used in the Implicit Cosmology as it is intended in parapsychology. It is modeled as interconnected etheric fields, each instance being associated with a life field's perception.
The psi field probably should not be modeled as one global field, as there appears to be dependencies such as perceptual agreement that influence how strong the apparent interconnection is between personalities. The Etheric Fields essay explains the nomenclature for other instances of field.
Psi Functioning: The expression of intention on the subtle energy referred to as psi.
Psych-: This prefix is generally seen in psychology for mind or mental, which in paranormal phenomena, assumes the person is the direct causative agent, when it has not been determined that such influence is not accomplished in cooperation with or by an etheric personality.
Psychic: Ability to access information by sensing the nature of the psi field. In the past, this ability has been referred to as Extra Sensory Perception or ESP, but more recently it is known as Psi functioning. It is correct to say that a person is psychic or to refer to a psychic ability. A psychic may not necessarily function as a medium. A Psychic may be able to foretell the future, excel in psychometry and be clairvoyant but would not say that this information was coming from an etheric personality. See the Mediumship essay for a discussion about the distinction between psychic and medium.
Psychogenic: From an emotional or psychological origin.
Psychokinesis (P.K.): Movement of an object via psi functioning. This is a term used in parapsychology. Telekinesis is an alternative term meaning to have an influence from a distance. See: Telekinesis
Psychometry: In psychometry, information is accessed about a place, object and/or the owner of the object by touching an object, an auric field or the local environment such as near a person or in a building. This is a form of psi functioning in which the practitioner senses information carried by objects or places in which their history is thought to be imprinted.
Raps: A common feature of physical séances. Noises are heard as knocks, pops, cracks and bangs. Coded communication is possible. Current research indicates that the raps originate within the material, suggesting they are psychokinetically induced.
Rapport: Relationship, especially one of mutual trust or emotional affinity. Transcommunication messages have emphasized the importance of rapport within a circle wishing to develop physical phenomena.
The attention/intention relationship amongst life fields can be characterized as rapport. Likewise, the link of entanglement between etheric personality and its avatar and between a top organizing field and its subfields might be characterized in terms of rapport. See the Principle of Rapport and SORRAT
Reality: Reality is seen in the Implicit Cosmology as a fundamental characteristic of all there is. And here, all there is, is defined as the life field referred to in this cosmology as Source. That would make Source’s life field the reality field. While there is one reality, experienced reality is relative because as it is perceived by individuals as a personal aspect of reality. As it is experienced by individuals, it is a local aspect of reality.
If Source is just an aspect of an even greater reality, then that greater reality must be treated as being well beyond the scope of this cosmology. Here, all things begin with Source as a basic assumption. See the Reality essay.
Reincarnation: The rebirth of the personality in another physical body. Based on the Implicit Cosmology, it appears that some people may choose to reincarnate into this physical venue for learning; however, it is as likely that a person will decide to move on to a different venue for learning, depending on the need for experience. It should be noted that a past life regression is capable of calling up a thoughtform representing a someone’s lifetime that might help answer the sitter’s needs to learn, even though it is not that person’s past life. This is a common explanation for why so many people have been important historical figure in their past.
Researcher: While an EVP practitioner conducts routine recordings for the collection of information, a researcher conducts experiments following a protocol designed to provide verifiable data. In frontier subjects, it is more often the practitioners who must conduct research.
Residual Energy: Living organisms are thought to emanate a form of energy sometimes referred to as the biofield. This is usually the heat, light and electromagnetic signature of biological processes. Life forms are also thought to have a psi field which is associated with their organizing field and mental expressions. Some characteristics of these fields are believed to accumulate– (perhaps as a weak form of entanglement with an ideoplastic structure). This residual signature is thought to be expressed in greater “abundance” when the person expresses extreme emotions. Thus, locations with long-time human occupancy, especially hospitals and theaters, are thought to have a strong presence of this residual field. See: Contact Field
Retrocognition: Awareness or knowledge of facts of past events or persons acquired by means of psychic ability.
Revelation: Something revealed especially a dramatic disclosure of something not previously known or realized.
Science: Science is a methodology based on:
Scientism: The belief that science, the scientific method and work product is the only way to validate reality. In practical terms, scientism holds that, if something is not recognized by mainstream science, then it is not real and is, therefore, impossible. When people under the cloak of authority of science advise the public about any subject without analysis of available information about that subject, they are effectively practicing scientism. See Scientism for a more complete explanation.
Scientific Method: A systematic approach to gaining understanding about a subject. There are a number of techniques commonly used for research. Statistical analysis, for instance, is used as a means of determining whether or not there is a significant difference between control and experimental results. Also common is meta-analysis which involves reviewing many research reports to identify trends. It is becoming evident that techniques which are useful for physical phenomena may not be appropriate for the study of trans-etheric influences. As such, it should be cautioned that one size does not fit all.” See the Scientific Method essay.
Séance: A group of people sitting for the purpose of obtaining psychic manifestations or for establishing transcommunication. The presence of an established physical medium is helpful, but in development circles, the group may seek to have one of their members emerge as a new physical medium. Séances are typically conducted in a completely dark room; however, some choose to work in dim light or red light.
Sitter: The attendees of a séance or sitting; a person who is the point of attention for a medium or for psi functioning.
Skeptic: Perhaps the most important trait for anyone involved in the study of frontier subjects is the ability to maintain an open mind while practicing discernment. This attitude is sometimes referred to as skepticism; however, when a person is skeptical of something without reason, that person is popularly known as a skeptic.
Rather than practicing discernment, skeptics actively campaign to teach the public to see new thought as a hazard to society. As is already occurring in some governments, including the USA, this vilification of frontier subjects has the potential to cause social and governmental reaction that could at the least prevent further study and possibly provoke action harmful to people studying these subjects. Because of this, it is no longer realistic to ignore skeptics or their efforts.
A potentially useful alternative term for the kind of skepticism practiced by skeptics is scientism which means the ideological belief that science (mainstream science) is the only authority on the nature of reality. This is where the idea comes from that “If it is impossible according to (main-stream) science, then it cannot be.” The rest of this ideology is that anything not accepted by mainstream science must be pseudoscience.
Skepticism in itself is a healthy attitude so long as it is accompanied by open-minded investigation. Perhaps a better term for open-minded skepticism is discernment."
Skeptic's Syndrome: Assumed knowledge which is usually based on faith, belief or popular wisdom but seldom based on empirical evidence. Manifests as the assumption that one's own understanding of a subject is more correct than that held by others without regard to evidence to the contrary. This attitude is maintained in the face of empirical evidence by making unsupported assumptions, belittling those who do not agree and attempting to associate the opposing view with previously discredited concepts. See: Assumed Knowledge
Source: Source is used in the Implicit Cosmology as the name for the initial cause of reality. This is the same concept as God, First Cause, Infinite Intelligence and Creator Personality. In this hypothesis, Source is credited with the same attributes identified with life fields including self-determination, point of view, purpose and an urge to understand local reality. In fractals, Source is the Prime or Top Fractal. See the Source essay.
Spirit: As common usage, spirit refers to the vital principle or animating force of life; the indestructible essence of self-conscious life. The word spirit is often used to describe a discarnate person. The more correct term for a person who has transitioned from a physical lifetime is a person in spirit or a discarnate person. The term, spirit is closely related to religious belief, and so is avoided when discussing metaphysics.
When the healing influence is said to be derived directly from Source (God) and undifferentiated by any other personality, it is said to be coming from Spirit. Here “Spirit” is written with a capital “S.” In common usage, “spirit,” written with a lower case “s,” is a reference to the psi field as it is influenced by intentionality. See: Etheric.
Spiritual: Anything relating to source.htm (aka, Infinite Intelligence, God, Prime Creator or First Cause). It is reasonable and proper to refer to the purpose and origination of reality as spiritual. A person expressing the high ideals of citizenship in the greater reality might be referred to as spiritual or being spiritual. (Yes, the ideals, themselves are an abstraction, but the point should be clear that a conscious effort to be a good citizen should be clear.)
Spiritual Healing: See: Healing Intention
Spiritualism: A system of belief based on the acceptance of the survival hypothesis, transcommunication and healing intention. It assumes that all trans-etheric influences including acquisition of information via mediumship and healing intention exists as the cooperation of a medium and a discarnate helper. The NSAC defines Spiritualism as the Science, Philosophy and Religion of continuous life, based upon the demonstrated fact of communication, by means of mediumship, with those who live in the Spirit World.
Spiritualism, especially NSAC Spiritualism, is listed here because it does not require members of the community to believe anything, but does offer a community of likeminded seekers. It maintains nine principles which constitute all of the system's tenets and which are consistent with the Implicit Cosmology. The only belief is the existence of Infinite Intelligence. The rest is acceptance of survival, an assumption of personal responsibility and the expectation that a person will learn to understand the nature of reality and live in accordance with that understanding. Consider reviewing Spiritualistsocietyofreno.org.
Stochastic Resonance: Stochastic resonance is an effect that results in a weak signal being amplified in a nonlinear system when a large noise background is applied. A common factor in many forms of trans-etheric influence is the presence of noise. It is speculated that a weak psi influence (signal) is made stronger via stochastic amplification. In electronic circuits, the active regions of tubes and transistors provide the necessary nonlinear condition for amplification. See: Apport and Intended Order
Story Telling: Claiming what was experienced is phenomenal by telling a reasonable story that seems to make the claim sensible. This is a way of leading a witness into believing an event or example is paranormal even though it is mundane. In EVP, something to the effect of: "I asked where my book was and recorded, 'ten ... other ...yes.' The entity was telling me I was only ten feet from it and that it was somewhere other than where I was looking and that 'yes,' I will find it." In fact, the possible EVP had nothing to do with the question, but the story seemed to make it sound like a good answer.
Subject Matter Specialist: A person who has more than average experience as a practitioner; may or may not be a researcher, but experience consistent with appropriate science should be considered; participates in peer review; sometimes a citizen scientist.
Subliminal: Below the threshold of conscious perception; not sufficient to produce conscious awareness but able to cause a response by way of the Perceptual Loop.
Subtle Energy: To be consistent with the Implicit Cosmology, subtle energy should be thought of as an expression of the psi field and not an energy in the usual sense attributed to physical energy. This expression of intended order is experienced as energy because that is the physical equivalent typically held in worldview.
Some kind of etheric-physical interface clearly exists, but in Etheric Studies, it is seen as a physical energy expressed by the creative process (ideoplastic structure) . Also, there does appear to be near-physical phenomena such as the aura and ectoplasm; however, ectoplasm especially, is demonstrated as an ideoplastic field which gains physicality as the expression of intended order.
What is referred to as subtle energy is usually associated with the energy of life, life force, but also psychic or psi field. In parapsychology, psi is a term generally used to mean the factor which enables thought transference, perception of objects not normally perceptible with physical senses, psychokinetic influence or the healing influence of therapeutic touch or prayer. In traditional metaphysics, subtle energy is variously described as vitality, human magnetism, spiritual energy or kundalini energy, and other terms depending on the system of belief.
In Spiritualism, subtle energy is described as spiritual energy and is thought to emanate from a central intelligence known as “Infinite Intelligence,” to be differentiated by incarnate and discarnate people as information or healing energy. See the Etheric Fields essay.
Super-psi Hypothesis: A theory designed to explain observed psychic abilities, but from the perspective of psychology. Rather than allowing for survived personality, it depends on the belief that, once created, information exists forever. The hypothesis supposes a vast reservoir of residual conscious energy (fossil memory) which is accessible by people who exhibit the ability to access information that should not be available to them using just the five physical senses.
This hypothesis depends on mind as a product of brain, but which is then independent of brain and continues after the brain dies as a survived memory. It also depends on the existence of a psi field, where psi is a place-holder term until more is known about the nature of this subtle field.
Supernormal: Beyond what is known of physical laws. Paranormal.
Telekinesis:: The movement of objects without normal, obvious, or perceptible means; usually related to psychic ability. Telekinesis is the preferred term because it means to have an influence from a distance. The prefix, psycho- means mind or mental, which is making the assumption that the person is the direct causative agent, when it has not been determined that such influence is not accomplished in cooperation with an etheric personality. See: Psychokinesis
Thought Ball: Robert Monroe described the method of communication between people he encountered during his out of body travels as an exchange of thought balls he called rotes. Thought balls may be similar to thoughtforms. The term is useful in describing an exchange of information that is sensed as a gestalt impression that includes intention, feelings and imagery as an instantaneous experience. Thought balls appear to contain conceptual information.
Thoughtform: As a rudimentary etheric field, thoughtforms contain information about a specific subject. As an etheric field, they may be nested so that a thoughtform concerned with transportation, for instance, may contain information about all forms of transportation while a red wagon thoughtform would contain information specific to red wagons and would be a subset of the transportation thoughtform.
For perspective, elements of a thoughtform are not piled into a bundle as we have been taught to visualize physical fields. As sets of related concepts, they are entangled with a core concept (wagon, red wagon), but might originate anywhere in reality. The only rule for association appears to be perceptual agreement: although all related concepts would be attracted to the core concept, personality would only be able to access those it is able to perceive (comprehend). The elements of a thoughtform are nonlocal.
In a strict sense, all etheric fields are thoughtforms, but in a practical sense, there appears to be a difference in coherence between a thoughtform as a life field and one that is an ideoplastic expression of a life field. Functional areas of a life field are described as fields, etheric fields or functional areas. See the Etheric Fields essay
Trance: A spontaneous or induced sleep-like condition or altered state of consciousness that permits the subject’s body to be used by a discarnate personality for communication. As with other phenomena, it is important that there is substantiating evidence to show that a discarnate being is in control and communicating and that it is not the subconscious mind of the person in trance.
Trance may be very light with little difference than consciousness, either outward or inward. It may be of a very deep with the medium totally unconscious of the surroundings or the messages being spoken via the body. Upon coming back to consciousness, the person so entranced remembers nothing of what has happened while in the trance. To all intents and purposes the personality speaking and the person in trance are entirely different.
In light trance, it is common for the person to remember what was said, but that memory tends to be short-lived, as if it had less than normal effect on the person's conscious mind.
The conscious self of a person in trance is thought to step aside so that a different personality can temporarily use the body to communicate in the physical. This is an important difference from mental mediumship in that a mental medium remains in control and the communication is thought to occur in the etheric as a mind-to-mind exchange. The mental medium must translate the etheric conceptual information into concrete terms using his or her library of concepts and language (worldview). One way this difference is seen is that a trance medium might speak in a language unknown to him or her, while a mental medium must use a known language.
It is important to note that some people appear to be functional trance channels. By this, it is meant that some people appear to be able to slip in and out of trance without realizing the difference. The results is that the person will normally access information from worldview via the Perceptual Loop but occasionally and spontaneously bypass this unconscious process to directly access information from the etheric. This is a matter of changing lucidity.
Trans-: Across, from there to here. Used here as across the interface from the greater reality to the physical aspect of reality. Etheric is used as shorthand to indicate the greater reality.
Transcommunication: AA trans-etheric influence that is intended to be communication; trans-etheric communication. Not all trans-etheric influences are considered communication. Some, such as residual influence phenomena may simply happen without regard to who is experiencing the event.
Ernst Senkowski coined the term, Instrumental TransCommunication or ITC, to describe meaningful anomalies including extraordinary voices, computer text, recorded images and images found on video displays suggestive of a continuance of life after death. (Because of common use in this field, terms with a trans- prefix can be used without the hyphen.) Note that After Death Communication (ADC), Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP) and mediumship should be considered forms of transcommunication.
Trans-etheric: From the etheric aspect of reality to the physical aspect of reality. The trans- prefix is always used here to mean across the veil.
Trans-etheric Communication: See Transcommunication
Trans-etheric Influence: The expression of intended order from the etheric to the physical; when an etheric personality communicates with a physical person or when a hauntings event occurs. All trans-etheric influences are considered conceptual influences producing objective effects. See Transcommunication
Transfiguration: Recognizable portrayals of discarnate persons are formed over the medium’s features. This phenomenon usually takes place in dim light as ectoplasm is thought to be used to produce the transformation. In good subjects the ectoplasmic material can be seen during the forming process.
Transform EVP: In ITC, available physical energy is transformed into words or images. That is, the resulting voice in EVP has much the same frequency profile as the background noise. The physical process thought to be involved is stochastic amplification of a weak signal imposed via the psychokinetic expression of intention. Although EVP are formed by EVPmaker, on close examination, most of the EVP are found to be transform EVP. Virtually all EVP reported from radio-sweep (also known as ghost boxes or spirit boxes), which are actually EVP, are transform. Transform EVP appears to require an analog stage in the circuitry which includes an active component such as a transistor.
Transition: A term used to describe the process of dying out of this physical aspect of reality (this lifetime) and the return of focus of attention to the more natural environment of reality. Transition is a more accurate term for what is currently called death.
Transition appears to be a process which begins with the unconscious self aspect of the personality preparing to disengage from the physical as the body loses its vitality. This is followed by movement of the conscious self aspect of personality from the physical (I am this body) point of view to a transitional perspective during which the personality begins a process of reconsidering worldview.
The period of conscious introspection and adjustment is often referred to as "getting well" because people who had physical impairments reportedly take a while to realize they are no longer so influenced by their now dead body.
Transition appears to include a period of introspection as the personality examines what has been learned, what remain as beliefs and what needs to be reconsidered. This self-evaluation is reportedly followed by entrance into a new venue for learning. All that is known for sure is that personalities who have been able to communicate have indicated the need to "go on" and then stopped communicating.
An important aspect of the Implicit Cosmology is the difference between personality and conscious self. Personality is the core intelligence of the etheric life field. While the conscious self is an aspect of personality (Little Me), communication between the two is filtered by worldview. Worldview inherits a degree of understanding from personality upon aspectation, but thereafter is dependent on the physical environment and new understanding.
The two aspects (personality and Little Me) are forever entangled, leaving Little Me with the urge to return understanding to source personality. But in terms of perceptual agreement, they are separated by the local information accumulated during the lifetime. In one view, this difference does not matter and Little Me is able to transition directly back to its source personality. However, in a more persistent view, once differentiated into an individual, Little Me must find a way to purge worldview of beliefs. It is thought to do so by way of multiple lifetimes in different venues as it gains understanding.
Trans-survival Hypothesis: A theoretical model designed to put current understanding about the continuation of personality after transition (physical death) into a form that can be used to predict outcomes of future research. This is the ATransC version of the survival hypothesis used in parapsychology. It is rather different from the parapsychological version because it incorporates what has been learned in the study of transcommunication.
This hypothesis is an attempt to identify objective studies which support the Survival Hypothesis over the Super-psi Hypothesis, and of course, the Physical Universe Hypothesis. The Implicit Cosmology is designed to provide a model of reality that is based on the implications of the Trans-survival Hypothesis. See: Trans-survival Hypothesis for a full explanation
Understanding: The presumed objective of progression is returning to Source an understanding of its true nature. As such, the main characteristic of Perceptual Agreement is how two or more personalities understand their local reality . Personality's process of achieving this understanding is Progression resulting in perceptual understanding that would agree with Source--not in content, which would be new to Source, but agreement in a sense of Knowing that understanding is, indeed, in accordance with the actual nature of Source.
Vetted: In Etheric Studies, peer review is used in the sense of vetting a manuscript, report or article with emphasis on reasonableness of assumptions, hypothesis and conclusions. A properly vetted article will have been commented on by people with relevant experience and training and those comments will have been incorporated into the document. The reviewer(s) and relevant qualifications should be noted as part of the public record. See Peer Reviewed and the Peer Reviewed Online Journals essay.
Video ITC: ITC using a video camera, most often arranged in a video loop circuit with a television set that is configured to see only the Video In signal from the Video Out of the camera. The video camera is aimed at the television set and the output of the video camera is connected to the television Video In. The resulting video loop produces considerable optical noise. It is common to find faces and other features in individual video frames. See Trans-etheric Influence
Voice Box (ectoplasmic): In traditional Spiritualism, voices heard by everyone as coming from somewhere in the air, were thought to have been created by way of an ectoplasmic voice box enabled by a physical medium under the control of a discarnate personality. In view of transform phenomena, apports and precipitation phenomena, the actual mechanism for such direct voice may be more complex.
Worldview: This term is central to explanations about the nature of personality. Worldview is considered a functional area which is much like a database. When a person is born into this lifetime, etheric personality-physical body entanglement is established in an avatar relationship. The worldview database is essentially empty but it has a front-end algorithm which represents personality's progression (understanding) as perception and an inclination toward experiences that offered the opportunity for specific areas of understanding.
The worldview database is populated by culture, family, media, religion and schools as biased by the front-end algorithm. It is the worldview which acts as a filter to determine how the person reacts to situations--prejudices, beliefs, acceptance or rejection of information. Worldview follows a person through transition and influences postmortem experiences.
In an avatar relationship, worldview is shared by the host human. This relationship is shown in the Life Field Complex diagram (above for Mind). As such, the entangled conscious self is subject to influences from the human as well. Having evolved in the physical, the life field for the human body is thought to be a morphic field, and its worldview would contain Nature's habits and evolving influences from the Life Field Complex Perceptual Loop. Also see: Personality
Xenoglossy: Writing in tongues unknown to the medium.
X-Ray Vision: Usually a power that is claimed by some healers. It is the ability to see affected organs within the body. Some sensitives also have claimed this ability and say it is how they read messages that are sealed in envelopes. See: Psychometry and Clairvoyance
Objective Phenomena: Phenomenon that has external reality and that can be perceived and observed by others. In contrast to subjective phenomena, objective phenomena is considered the physical manifestation of a subjective influence via a trans-etheric influence.
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